China, a communist nation in East Asia, is the world’s most populous country with over 1.38 billion people, and the second-largest country by land area. Its vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountain ranges, lakes, rivers and 14,500km of coastline. Beijing, the capital, mixes modern architecture with historic sites including sprawling Tiananmen Square. Its largest city, Shanghai, is a skyscraper-studded global financial center. The iconic Great Wall of China fortification runs east-west across the country’s north. It is the world’s largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods.
TOP 5 PLACES TO VISIT IN CHINA
5. Tiananmen Square
Tiananmen Square is a large city square in the centre of Beijing, China, named after the Tiananmen gate (Gate of Heavenly Peace) located to its North, separating it from the Forbidden City. The square contains the monuments to the heroes of the revolution, the great hall of people and the National Museum of China.
4. The Temple of Heaven
The Temple of Heaven is located in southern Beijing．It was first constructed in 1420, the 18th year of the reign of Ming emperor Yongle and was extended and renovated during the reigns of Ming emperor Jiajing and Qing emperor Qianlong.
It was the place where the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties would worship the god of heaven and pray for good harvest. Covering an area of 273 hectares, it is also the largest architectural complex in the world for rituals to pay homage to heaven.
In 1918，The Temple of Heaven was turned into a park, it attracted masses of visitors from home and abroad by the grand scales, unique buildings and profound connotation of historic culture of offering sacrifices to Heaven. The Temple of Heaven is considered a reflection of the ancient civilization of the Orient
3. The Terracotta Army
The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. Chinese workers digging a well in 1974 made a startling discovery: thousands of life-size terracotta figures of an army prepared for battle. Now called the Terracotta Army or Terracotta Warriors, the figures are located in three pits near the city of X’ian in China’s Shaanxi province.
The details of the warriors are so intricate and individualized that it has been hypothesized that they were based on real soldiers who served in the emperor’s army.
2. Forbidden City
The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty—the years 1420 to 1912. It is located in the centre of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum.
It is the world’s biggest ancient palace and considered to be among the world’s top 5 most important palaces.
With the structure almost 600 years old. It is home of dynastic clans for 500 years and most popular single site tourist attraction.
1. The Great Wall Of China
The Great Wall was key to protecting agriculture and resisting cavalry of the Huns and other warrior tribes from the north. The advantages of the enormous barrier diminished with the advancement of gunpowder and other weaponry.
The wall was originally built of stone, wood, grass and earth. In the Ming Dynasty bricks were produced in kilns set up along the wall. The bricks were transported by men carrying them on their backs, donkeys, mules and even goats had a brick tied to their head before being driven up a mountain.
The Great Wall of China was built over more than two thousand years. Construction on the first section began between the 7th and 6th century BC, and the last work on the wall was done between the 14th and 17th centuries.